China National Radio

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China National Radio
中央人民广播电台
The China National Radio Headquarters (CMG Fuxingmen Office Area)
Country
China
HeadquartersBeijing, China
Ownership
OwnerChina China Media Group
(Government of the People's Republic of China)
History
Launch date5 December 1949 (1949-12-05)
Former names
  • Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Peking Xinhua Broadcasting Station
  • Central People's Broadcasting Station
Coverage
Stations17 terrestrial stations
4 digital radio channels
Links
Websitecnr.cn
China National Radio
Simplified Chinese中央人民广播电台
Traditional Chinese中央人民廣播電台
Literal meaningCentral People's Broadcasting Station

China National Radio (CNR; Chinese: 中央人民广播电台; pronunciation: [ʈʂʊ́ŋ.jáŋ ɻə̌n.mǐn kwàŋ.pwó tjɛ̂n.tʰǎɪ]) is the national radio network of China, headquartered in Beijing.

History[edit]

The infrastructure began with a transmitter from Moscow to set up its first station in Yan'an (延安). It used the call sign XNCR ("New China Radio") for broadcasts, and is the first radio station set up by the Chinese Communist Party in 1940.[1]

In the west, it was known as the Yan'an New China Radio Station (延安新华广播电台) broadcasting two hours daily.[1] In China, it was called the Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station, which was established on 30 December 1940.[2]

On 25 March 1949, it was renamed Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station (陕北新华广播电台) after it departed from Yan'an. It began to broadcast in Beiping under the name of Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station (北平新华广播电台). On December 5, 1949, it was officially named to Central People's Broadcasting Station, two months after the establishment of the People's Republic of China. The station offered 15.5 hours of daily programming broadcast to most parts of China.[1]

Mao Zedong emphasized that all citizens should listen to the station on 5 May 1941. The "Central Press and Broadcasting Bureau" was the driver in pushing all schools, army units, and public organizations of all levels to install loud public speakers and radio transmitters.[1] By the 1960s, 70 million speakers were installed reaching the rural population of 400 million.[1]

The Central People's Broadcasting Station innovated wired transmissions, which were linked to the commonly found telephone poles hanging with loud speakers. Local stations were usually located in county seats or in individual factories or production brigades.[3] It was part of Mao's ideology of delivering "Politics on Demand". The station served as the headquarters for propaganda during the Cultural Revolution.[1]

During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Central Radio offered extensive daily programming schedules, beginning with The East is Red.[4] The majority of the daily schedule consisted of news and cultural programming, broken up with specialized programs on topics like morning calisthenics, children's shows, and broadcasts of military interest.[3]

The station was later renamed China National Radio as its English name.[2] It would move to a new building in 1998.[citation needed]

Today, CNR forms the national radio service of the state-owned China Media Group, continuing its mission to broadcast a variety of radio programmes to listeners all over China and around the world.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Station Description Freq
News Radio
(literally: Voice of China[note 1])
中国之声 [ʈʂʊ́ŋ.kwǒ.ʈʂɻ̩̀.ʂə̀ŋ]
CNR 1
The flagship radio station of CNR
Mainly news and commentaries, broadcasting 24/7 hours except during 02:05-04:25 (UTC+8) on every Tuesday
Major programmes: News and Newspapers Summary (新闻和报纸摘要), National News Simulcast (全国新闻联播), News Live (新闻进行时)
see list
Business Radio
经济之声 [tɕíŋ.tɕî.ʈʂɻ̩̀.ʂə̀ŋ]
CNR 2
A national service, mainly business news, broadcasting 24/7 hours except during 00:05-04:55 (UTC+8) on every Tuesday
  • MW: 630, 855, 900, and 1116
  • SW: 3985, 6010, 9620, 12080, 15270 etc.
  • FM: 96.6 in Beijing, 91.4 in Shanghai, 106.6 in Guangzhou, etc. (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Music Radio
音乐之声 [ín.ɥê.ʈʂɻ̩́.ʂə́ŋ]
CNR 3
Broadcasting Chinese and world pop music on FM in many main cities in China, broadcasting during 05:55-00:05 next day (UTC+8, except 14:05-16:55 on every Tuesday) on FM 90.0 in Beijing, FM 107.7 in Shanghai, FM 87.4 in Guangzhou, etc. (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Golden Radio
经典音乐广播
CNR 4
Previously known as Metro Radio (都市之声)
broadcasting during 04:55-01:05 next day (UTC+8, except 13:05-16:55 on every Tuesday)
on FM 101.8 in Beijing
Cross-Strait Radio
台海之声
CNR 5
The first Taiwan service, broadcasting in Mandarin, mainly news, entertainment, talk, broadcasting during 04:55-01:05 next day (UTC+8)
  • MW: 549, 765, 837, and 1116
  • SW: 5925, 7385, 9410, 9665, 9685, 11620, and 11935
  • FM: 102.3 in Fuzhou, Putian, eastern coastal areas of Quanzhou and Matsu; 94.9 in Xiamen, Zhangzhou, south part of Quanzhou and Kinmen
Shenzhou Easy Radio (literally: Sound of the Divine Land)
神州之声
CNR 6
The second Taiwan service, broadcasting in dialects including Hakka, Southern Min and entertainment in Mandarin, broadcasting during 05:55-00:05 next day (UTC+8)
  • MW: 684, 909, and 1089
  • SW: 6165, 9420, 11905, and 15710
  • FM: 106.2 in Fuzhou, Putian, eastern coastal areas of Quanzhou and Matsu; 107.9 in Xiamen, Zhangzhou, south part of Quanzhou and Kinmen
Radio The Greater Bay
粤港澳大湾区之声
CNR 7
The Zhujiang delta, Hong Kong and Macao Service, broadcasting in Cantonese (some programmes may mix Mandarin), Teochew and Hakka, broadcasting during 04:55-02:00 next day (UTC+8, except 14:00-17:00 on every Tuesday)
  • MW: 1215 in Pearl River Delta
  • SW: 7345, 9745, 13770, and 15550 in South China
  • FM: 101.2 in Zhongshan, Shenzhen, and Hong Kong; 98.0 in Guangzhou; 93.2 in Foshan and Zhaoqing; 105.4 in Zhuhai and Macau; and 102.8 via RTHK relay
Ethnic Minority Radio
民族之声
CNR 8
The Minorities Service, including Korean and Mongolian service, broadcasting during 05:00-23:05 (UTC+8)
  • MW: 1143 (in Mongolian, airing during 05:00–14:00), 1017 and 1143 (in Korean, airing during 14:00–19:00 for 1017, and 14:00–23:00 for 1143) (transfer CRI Korean radio during 05:00–07:00, and 19:00–23:00 for 1017)
  • SW: 9610 and 11810 (in Mongolian, airing during 05:00–14:00), 5975 and 9785 (in Korean, airing during 14:00–23:00)
  • FM: 104.5 (in Mongolian, airing during 05:00–14:00, transfer CNR 16 on other times)

May transferred by IMRBN General News during 11:00–12:00, or by other local radio channels in Inner Mongolia. May transferred by Yanbian Korean Radio during 20:00–21:00

Story Radio
文艺之声
CNR 9
all literature and entertainment programmes, broadcasting during 05:00-02:00 next day (UTC+8, except 13:05-16:55 on every Tuesday) on FM 106.6 in Beijing
Senior Citizen Radio
老年之声
CNR 10
for the elderly, including entertainment, health programmes etc., broadcasting during 04:25–02:05 next day (UTC+8, except 14:05-16:55 on every Tuesday) on FM 104.4 and AM 1053 in Beijing
Tibetan Radio
藏语广播
CNR 11
Tibetan service, broadcasting during 05:55–00:05 next day (UTC+8)
  • MW: 1098
  • SW: 3990, 6010, 9480, 11685, 15570, etc.
  • FM: 105.7 in Lhasa
Reading Radio
阅读之声
CNR 12
mainly audio reading, broadcasting during 05:00-02:00 next day (UTC+8, except 13:05-16:55 on every Tuesday) on AM 747 in Beijing
Uyghur Radio
维吾尔语广播
CNR 13
Uyghur service, broadcasting during 07:55-02:05 next day (UTC+8)
  • MW: 1422 in Kashgar, 1098 in Beijing
  • SW: 6120, 9655, 13700, 15390, etc.
Hong Kong Edition
香港之声
CNR 14
Broadcasting in Hong Kong only, in Mandarin, Cantonese, Teochew and Hakka, broadcasting 24/7 hours except during 00:05-04:55 (UTC+8) on every Tuesday on AM 675 (relayed by RTHK) and FM 87.8 in Hong Kong and Shenzhen
China Traffic Radio
中国交通广播
CNR 15
Broadcasting nationwide on highways, offering highway information, broadcasting 24/7 hours except during 00:05-04:55 (UTC+8) on every Tuesday on FM 99.6 in Beijing, Tianjin, FM 101.2 in Hebei, FM 95.5 in Shanghai, FM 90.5 in Hunan, etc. (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)
Countryside Radio
中国乡村之声
CNR 16
Broadcasting agricultural programmes, broadcasting 24/7 hours except during 00:05-04:55 (UTC+8) on every Tuesday
  • MW: 720 in Huabei
  • FM: 107.9 in Donggang, 101.4 in Qingtongxia, 104.5 in Hohhot (transfer CNR 8 during 05:00–14:00)

May also transferred by some local radio stations in Guizhou, Jiangsu, Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Xinjiang, or by DTV radio functions via CDR technical

Kazakh Radio
哈萨克语广播
CNR 17
Kazakh service, broadcasting during 07:55–02:05 next day (UTC+8)
  • MW: 1008 and 1422
  • SW: 4850, 6180, 9630, 12055, etc.
  • FM: 89.5 or 90.1

TV channels[edit]

  • CNR Care: Mainly Healthy Information, stopped streaming at 1 July 2019.
  • CNR Mall: TV Shopping Channel – a joint venture with QVC.[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Not the callsign of China Media Group's international service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Miller, Toby (2003). Television: Critical Concepts in Media and Cultural Studies. Routledge Publishing. ISBN 0-415-25502-3
  2. ^ a b CNR website. "CNR website." CNR introduction. Retrieved on 2007-04-29.
  3. ^ a b Coderre, Laurence (2021). Newborn socialist things : materiality in Maoist China. Durham: Duke University Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-4780-2161-2. OCLC 1250021710.
  4. ^ Coderre, Laurence (2021). Newborn socialist things : materiality in Maoist China. Durham: Duke University Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-4780-2161-2. OCLC 1250021710.
  5. ^ QVC Announces China Joint Venture, QVC news release via PR Newswire, Cleveland, OH, 20 March 2012. Retrieved: 11 August 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to China National Radio at Wikimedia Commons